In Europe this type is mainly kept for a dual purpose, in America they are mainly kept for meat production. In the German-speaking countries Austria, Switzerland and Germany there are a total of more than 1 million pedigree animals. Germany has the largest population of these with 665,000 pedigree animals.

Due to their large volume and broadness, these animals have a large feed intake capacity. This ensures a solid production and a good fertility cycle. These animals also adapt easily to changing circumstances.

It is a medium sized breed. The weight of the cow is 600 to 800 kg and that of the bull 900 to 1300 kg. The height of a cow is between 138 and 150 cm and that of a bull between 150 and 165 cm.

It is reared on tight, well-formed, easily milkable udders, dry hard legs with strong hooves and a production level above 7,000 kg with at least 3,90 % fat and 3,70 % protein.

The heifers are ready for production at 17-18 months. They usually calve easily.


· Good milk production with good fat/protein content;
· Animals with a stable metabolism;
· Good milk quality and udder health;
· Healthy and economic cows;
· Higher milk price (somatic cell count, protein);
· Functional healthy udders. 



· Fattening weight 600-630 kg (carcass weight 360-420 kg);
· Slaughter age of bulls is around 16 months;
· The calf is a valuable quality product;
· Very high proportion of meat;
· High daily growth;
· Higher commercial grade;
· Higher slaughter fee. 

Growth rate: up to 1300 per day

Slachtrendement: 60%


Strong animals with a higher residual value than the dairy breeds.

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